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Crimes against Humanity

Question for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office

UIN HL5414, tabled on 17 January 2022

To ask Her Majesty's Government what evidence they collect on genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes; and how they process this evidence to assist with prosecutions.

Answered on

31 January 2022

The United Kingdom supports various expert bodies that collect evidence of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. In 2016 the UK co-sponsored a UN General Assembly Resolution which established the UN International Impartial and Independent Mechanism (IIIM). The IIIM seeks to assist in the investigation and prosecution of those responsible for the most serious crimes under international law in Syria since March 2011. On 21 September 2017, the United Nations Security Council voted unanimously to adopt UK-drafted Daesh Accountability Resolution 2379. The resolution called for the UN to establish an Investigative Team to collect preserve and store evidence of Daesh crimes. The Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar, established by the UN Human Rights Council, is mandated to collect evidence of the most serious international crimes and violations of international law and prepare files for criminal prosecution. In collaboration with Germany and Denmark, we led the creation of the independent NGO-led International Accountability Platform for Belarus (IAPB), which launched in March 2021. The IAPB aims to 'collect, consolidate, verify, and preserve evidence of gross human rights violations constituting crimes under international law allegedly committed by Belarusian authorities and others in the run-up to the 2020 presidential election and its aftermath' with a view to enabling those responsible to be held to account in future legal processes through appropriate competent courts.