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Prisons: Pepper Spray

Question for Ministry of Justice

UIN HL3792, tabled on 8 November 2021

To ask Her Majesty's Government on how many occasions pelargonic acid vanillylamide (PAVA) incapacitant spray has been (1) drawn, or (2) drawn and deployed, in prisons since 1 April 2019, broken down by (a) ethnicity, (b) religion, and (c) disability status, of the prisoner.

Answered on

22 November 2021

We ensure all our prison officers are trained in how to use PAVA professionally, safely and lawfully and that it is only used when necessary and proportionate.

The data provided for this response is collected as internal management information and reflects the data held at the date of extraction. It is not quality assured in the same way as data prepared for publication and is subject to change.

There haves been a total of 279 incidents involving PAVA since 1st April 2019, of those incidentsin 187 incidents PAVA was drawn and deployed and in 92 PAVA were as drawn only.

We are unable to provide this for disability as data for this is not available.

Ethnicity

Individuals Impacted

%

Drawn and Deployed

%

Drawn only

%

Asian/Asian British

33

6%

28

7%

5

3%

Black/Black British

182

35%

147

39%

35

24%

Mixed

57

11%

38

10%

19

13%

Other ethnic group

8

2%

7

2%

1

1%

White

241

46%

159

42%

82

57%

Not recorded

4

1%

2

1%

2

1%

Total

525

100%

381

100%

144

100%

Religion

Individuals Impacted

%

Drawn and Deployed

%

Drawn only

%

Buddhist

0

0%

0

0%

0

0%

Christian

198

38%

131

34%

67

46%

Hindu

0

0%

0

0%

0

0%

Jewish

3

1%

2

1%

1

1%

Muslim

133

25%

103

27%

30

21%

Sikh

2

0%

1

0%

1

1%

Other

12

2%

10

3%

2

1%

No religion

151

29%

112

29%

39

27%

Not recorded

26

5%

22

6%

4

3%

Total

525

100%

381

100%

144

100%