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Research: Tax Allowances

Question for Treasury

UIN 163690, tabled on 5 March 2021

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with reference to page 39 of the Budget Report 2021, for what reasons steps taken to prevent the abuse of the Research and Development relief for small and medium-sized enterprises result in an increase in the cost to the Exchequer of that programme.

Answered on

15 March 2021

In order to deter abuse, for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 April 2021, the amount of SME payable R&D tax credit that a business can receive in any one year will be capped at £20,000 plus three times the company’s total PAYE and NICs liability (unless a limited exemption applies). The figures published in the costing report at Budget 2021 relate to changes that have been made to the design of the measure since April 2020 (following the second policy consultation) and the delay in implementation to April 2021. The measure is expected to raise £145 million from the end of the scorecard 2025-26.

Answered by

Treasury