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Remand in Custody: Young People

Question for Ministry of Justice

UIN 75227, tabled on 16 July 2020

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many (a) sentenced and (b) unsentenced people aged (i) 18, (ii) 19 and (iii) 20 were held in custodial facilities where areas were shared with older prisoners during 2019.

Answered on

24 July 2020

Please see the below tables in response to PQ75226, PQ75227, PQ75228, PQ75229, PQ75230 and PQ75231:

PQ 75226: Prison population aged 18-20, by prison function and age; as at 30 June 2019, England & Wales

Sole-function under-21 YOIs(1)

Dual-designated prisons

Total

562

3,626

Age

18

160

795

19

191

1,236

20

211

1,595

PQ 75227: Prison population aged 18-20, by prison function, age and custody status; as at 30 June 2019, England & Wales

Sole-function under-21 YOIs(1)

Dual-designated prisons

Total

562

3,626

Remand

Age

18

7

324

19

0

323

20

0

314

Sentenced

Age

18

153

467

19

191

905

20

211

1,266

Non-criminal(2)

Age

18

0

4

19

0

8

20

0

15

PQ 75228: Prison population aged 18-20, by prison function, age and sex; as at 30 June 2019, England & Wales

Sole-function under-21 YOIs(1)

Dual-designated prisons

Total

562

3,626

Male

Age

18

160

775

19

191

1,193

20

211

1,543

Female

Age

18

0

20

19

0

43

20

0

52

PQ 75229: Prison population aged 18-20, by prison function, age and ethnicity group; as at 30 June 2019, England & Wales

Sole-function under-21 YOIs(1)

Dual-designated prisons

Total

562

3,626

White

Age

18

69

448

19

62

727

20

72

934

Black

Age

18

45

177

19

72

241

20

90

327

Asian

Age

18

28

68

19

28

128

20

18

161

Mixed

Age

18

12

76

19

18

102

20

24

137

Other ethnic group

Age

18

6

20

Not stated / Not recorded

Age

18

0

6

19

1

6

20

1

5

PQ 75230: Prison population aged 18-20, by prison function, age and 'Private / Public prison split'; as at 30 June 2019, England & Wales

Sole-function under-21 YOIs(1)

Dual-designated prisons

Total

562

3,626

Contracted Out ("Private")

Age

18

0

168

19

0

233

20

0

293

Public

Age

18

160

627

19

191

1,003

20

211

1,302

PQ 75231: Prison population aged 18-20, by prison function, age and offence group; as at 30 June 2019, England & Wales(3)

Sole-function under-21 YOIs(1)

Dual-designated prisons

Total

562

3,626

Burglary

Age

18

12

79

19

12

114

20

12

152

Drug Offences

Age

18

17

133

19

48

273

20

61

367

Robbery

Age

18

29

125

19

37

176

20

31

234

Sexual offences

Age

18

10

34

19

10

61

20

6

109

Violence against the person

Age

18

56

233

19

58

303

20

66

370

Other offences(4)

Age

18

36

191

19

26

309

20

35

363

In regard to PQ75232 and PQ75233, this information is not held centrally.

Offenders aged 18, 19 and 20 are sentenced to Detention in a Young Offender Institution (DYOI), however the dual designation of institutions as both HMP and YOI means the majority are held in establishment also holding adult prisoners aged 21 or over. Under dual designation, prisoners aged 18,19 and 20 do not share cells with adult prisoners, unless exceptional circumstance apply and on a case-by-case basis. Separation from adult prisoners in other areas of the prison varies by location (including separated wings). There are two designated YOIs for sentenced prisoners aged 18,19 and 20 (HMYOI Feltham (B) and HMYOI Aylesbury). As necessary, these prisoners from YOIs move to an adult prison when they turn 21.

Notes

(1) These figures include Sole-function YOIs and Youth Custody Service (YCS) YOIs. Sole-function YOIs hold solely 18-20 year olds and those that turn 21 who are due for imminent release or who are pending transfer into an adult prison

YCS YOIs hold 15-17 year olds and those that turn 18 who are due for imminent release or who are pending transfer into an 18+ YOI.

The ‘Sole-function YOIs' are:

- HMYOI Aylesbury

- HMYOI Feltham (B) (separate site to the YCS YOI)

The YCS YOIs are:

- HMYOI Cookham Wood

- HMYOI Werrington

- HMYOI Feltham (A) (separate site to the 18-20 YOI)

- HMYOI Wetherby

Other establishments holding 18-20 year olds share facilities with older prisoners ('Dual designated prisons')

More information can be found on the 'Prisons and their resettlement providers' page on gov.uk: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/prisons-and-their-resettlement-providers

(2) The ‘non-criminal’ population comprises:

  • Those held on ‘immigration grounds’ – which includes:

- Those who have served their appropriate custodial term for a criminal offence but are then served with an IS91 ‘authorisation to hold on immigration detention grounds’ (held in prison awaiting deportation).

- Those whose sole offence is not having appropriate immigration paperwork, and so would be held in an Immigration Removal Centre (IRC).

  • A small number of individuals who are in prison for a civil ‘non-criminal’ offence, for example “Contempt of Court” or “Non-payment of Council Tax”.

(3) Part (i) of PQ75231 is of disproportionate cost to identify.

(4) Other offences include: 'non-burglary' Theft Offences, Criminal damage and arson, Possession of Weapons, Public order offences, Miscellaneous crimes against society, Fraud offences, Summary offences and 'Offence not recorded'.

Data sources and quality: The figures in these tables have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.