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Social Security Benefits: North West

Question for Department for Work and Pensions

UIN 230641, tabled on 11 March 2019

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, how many successful appeals there have been against decisions on (a) employment and support allowance and (b) personal independence payment claims in (a) Wallasey, (b) Wirral, (c) Liverpool city region and (d) the North West in each year since 2010.

Answered on

14 March 2019

Employment and Support Allowance

Information on appeal outcomes in relation to Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) Work Capability Assessments by several geographical areas is available on Stat-Xplore. This includes data at Regional, Parliamentary Constituency or Local Authority level as requested above.

https://stat-xplore.dwp.gov.uk/

Guidance on how to use Stat-Xplore can be found here:

https://sw.stat-xplore.dwp.gov.uk/webapi/online-help/index.html

The mandatory reconsideration process was introduced in 2013. The latest available information for Great Britain on the number of mandatory reconsiderations can be found in the ESA Outcomes of Work Capability Assessments quarterly statistics published here:

https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/employment-and-support-allowance-outcomes-of-work-capability-assessment

It is the intention to produce further geographical breakdowns of these statistics in the future.

Between April 2014 and June 2018, 3.7m ESA (post WCA) decisions have been made in Great Britain, of these 8% have been appealed and 4% have been overturned.

Personal Independence Payment

The information requested for Personal Independence Payment (PIP) Appeals in a) Wallasey b) Wirral c) Liverpool City Region and d) the North West is shown in the table below, by year of appeal clearance.

Wallasey

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018
(Jan - Sept)

Decision Maintained

10

40

60

80

70

Decision Overturned at Appeal

10

80

100

150

180

Appeal Overturn Rate

55%

65%

61%

66%

73%

From 2014 through to September 2018 in Wallasey, of the 770 appeals, 520 (67%) saw the decision overturned. Since PIP was introduced up to September 2018 9,180 initial decisions have been made in Wallasey and 6% have been overturned at appeal.

Wirral

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018
(Jan - Sept)

Decision Maintained

30

140

200

240

200

Decision Overturned at Appeal

30

240

330

490

500

Appeal Overturn Rate

53%

64%

63%

67%

71%

From 2014 through to September 2018 in Wirral, of the 2,400 appeals, 1,600 (66%) saw the decision overturned. Since PIP was introduced up to September 2018 29,320 initial decisions have been made in Wirral and 5% have been overturned at appeal.

Liverpool City Region

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018
(Jan - Sept)

Decision Maintained

120

540

950

1,060

720

Decision Overturned at Appeal

130

850

1,660

2,340

2,140

Appeal Overturn Rate

53%

61%

64%

69%

75%

From 2014 through to September 2018 in Liverpool City Region, of the 10,500 appeals, 7,110 (68%) saw the decision overturned. Since PIP was introduced up to September 2018, 146,380 initial decisions have been made in Liverpool City region and 5% have been overturned at appeal.

The North West

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018
(Jan - Sept)

Decision Maintained

300

2,430

3,840

4,070

2,650

Decision Overturned at Appeal

320

2,990

5,490

7,440

6,770

Appeal Overturn Rate

51%

55%

59%

65%

72%

From 2014 through to September 2018 in the North West, of the 36,310 appeals, 23,010 (63%) saw the decision overturned. Since PIP was introduced up to September 2018 537,600 initial decisions have been made in the North West and 4% have been overturned at appeal.

Since PIP was introduced 3.7m decisions have been made in Great Britain up to September 2018, of these 10% have been appealed and 5% have been overturned.

The information requested for Personal Independence Payment Mandatory Reconsiderations (MR) in a) Wallasey b) Wirral c) Liverpool City Region and d) the North West is shown in the table below, by year of MR clearance.

Wallasey

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018
(Jan - Oct)

New Decision – Award Changed at MR

40

90

130

170

150

Decision Unchanged/Not Revised at MR

110

380

530

770

560

Percentage of MRs where the Decision was Changed

24%

19%

20%

18%

21%

Wirral

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018
(Jan - Oct)

New Decision – Award Changed at MR

120

260

370

540

470

Decision Unchanged/Not Revised at MR

310

1,160

1,730

2,360

1,650

Percentage of MRs where the Decision was Changed

27%

18%

18%

19%

22%

Liverpool City Region

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018
(Jan - Oct)

New Decision – Award Changed at MR

440

1,150

1,760

2,380

2,270

Decision Unchanged/Not Revised at MR

1,270

5,050

8,430

9,740

7,900

Percentage of MRs where the Decision was Changed

26%

19%

17%

20%

22%

The North West

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018
(Jan - Oct)

New Decision – Award Changed at MR

1,250

4,710

6,810

9,030

7,960

Decision Unchanged/Not Revised at MR

3,950

21,550

31,210

36,200

27,080

Percentage of MRs where the Decision was Changed

24%

18%

18%

20%

23%

Data has been rounded to the nearest 10.

PIP Appeals data taken from the DWP PIP computer system’s management information. Therefore this data may differ from that held by Her Majesty’s Courts and Tribunals Service for various reasons such as delays in data recording and other methodological differences in collating and preparing statistics.

PIP was introduced in 2013 to replace Disability Living Allowance for working age people.

The geography relates to the origin of the claim (i.e. derived from claimant’s postcode) rather than the location of where the tribunal was held.

Decisions overturned at appeal may include a number of appeals that have been lapsed (which is where DWP changed the decision after an appeal was lodged but before it was heard at Tribunal).

Some decisions which are changed at MR, and where the claimant continues to appeal for a higher PIP award, are then changed again at tribunal appeal. Therefore the number of people who had a decision changed at MR and the number of people who had a decision changed at tribunal appeal cannot be added together.

Named day
Named day questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.