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China: Prisoners

Question for Foreign and Commonwealth Office

UIN HL14256, tabled on 5 March 2019

To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of evidence suggesting that between 60,000 and 100,000 transplants are performed annually throughout China predominately from Falun Gong prisoners of conscience.

Answered on

18 March 2019

We are aware of reports that allege that a process of involuntary organ removal may be taking place in China, including suggestions that minority and religious groups are being specifically targeted. The British Government fully supports the Declaration of Istanbul (May 2008), which encourages all countries to draw up legal and professional frameworks to govern organ donation and transplantation activities.

As the Foreign and Commonwealth Office Minister for Europe and the Americas, Sir Alan Duncan, said in a Westminster Hall debate in October 2016: "Although I do not doubt the need to maintain close scrutiny of organ transplant practices in China, we believe that the evidence base is not sufficiently strong to substantiate claims about the systematic harvesting of organs from minority groups. Indeed, based on all the evidence available to us, we cannot conclude that this practice of "organ harvesting" is definitely happening in China."

The World Health Organisation (WHO) collates global data on organ donations and works with China. The WHO view is that China is implementing an ethical, voluntary organ transplant system in accordance with international standards, although the WHO does have concerns about overall transparency.

We have not discussed the role of Dr Jiefu Huang with the WHO.

We will continue to review any new evidence that is presented to us.