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Energy: Housing

Question for Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy

UIN 176377, tabled on 8 October 2018

To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, how many homes in the UK are in Energy Performance Band E or lower.

Answered on

17 October 2018

Latest figures for the number of homes (thousands) in Energy Performance Band D or higher and Band E or lower for England and the Devolved Nations.

England (2016)

Scotland (2016)

Northern Ireland (2016)

Wales (2008)

Band D or higher (thousands)





Band E or lower (thousands)





Total number of homes (thousands)





Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding

Please note, these figures should not be summed to give a UK total, or compared between nations due to the following differences:

(1) The latest data available for Wales is from 2008, 2016 data will be published in November 2018.

(2) Figures for Wales relate to number of dwellings (which includes vacant properties) whereas figures for England, Scotland and Northern Ireland relate to number of households (excluding vacant properties).

(3) Each nation uses a different methodology for calculating Energy Performance. The main difference being Welsh figures are based on SAP 2005, whereas figures for England, Scotland and Northern Ireland are based on SAP 2012.

Data sources

MHCLG. (2016). English Housing Survey.

Scottish Government. (2016). Scottish House Condition Survey.

Housing Executive. (2016). Northern Ireland House Condition Survey.

Welsh Government. (2008). Living in Wales Survey.