To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether agreements have been reached under the "Khartoum Process" launched in November 2014; if so, what is their specific subject matter; and whether they expect any significant reduction to ensue in flows of migrants and refugees from the Horn of Africa.
13 January 2015
On 28 November, the Government joined EU Member States and African partners in Rome to agree a political declaration launching the new Khartoum Process, a joint initiative aimed at tackling people smuggling and human trafficking in the Horn of Africa. The UK is part of the core group of countries steering the development of concrete initiatives under this new process, the first meeting of which is expected to take place in February. The European Commission has already identified substantial funding of around £4.5 million to support this work.
The Khartoum Process is a key element of wider joint efforts under the EU’s Task Force Mediterranean to tackle continuing migratory pressures in the Mediterranean, prevent further loss of life at sea, provide enhanced protection in migrants’ regions of origin, and combat the heinous activities of the criminal gangs who facilitate dangerous voyages. As such, the Government expects the new process to make a contribution to tackling the flows from the Horn of Africa, although any sustainable solution will take time to achieve.